Fuji X100 vs. Leica X1 specs comparison

Since Fuji officially announced the X100 to the US market last week, I now have more detailed information to update my previous Leica X1 vs. Fuji X100 specifications comparison:

FujiFilm X100 Leica X1
Resolution 12.3MP 12.9MP
LCD screen TFT, 100% coverage TFT, 100% coverage
LCD screen size and resolution 2.8 in. 460,000 dots 2.7 in. 230,000 dots
ISO range 200-6400 (expandable to 100-12800) 100-3200
Lens Fujinon 23mm f/2 Elmarit 24 mm f/2,8 ASPH
Lens design 8 elements in 6 groups, 1 aspherical 8 elements in 6 groups, 1 aspherical
Video mode HD 1280×720 with stereo sound N/A
Image stabilization No Yes
Max shutter 1/4000 at f/8, 1/1000 at f/2
3 f-stops built-in ND filter
1/2000 across the aperture range
RAW format RAF DNG (Adobe)
Continuous shooting 5/3 fps 3/2 fps
Exposure compensation -2.0EV +2.0EV 1/3EV step -3.0EV +3.0EV 1/3EV step
Storage 20MB internal, SDHC/SDXC(UHS-I) 50MB internal, SDHC
Battery capacity 300 exposures 260 exposures
Warranty 1 year 2 years
Included software Silkypix (Windows only, $100 value) Adobe Lightroom ($260 value)
Made in Japan Germany
Dimensions (WxHxD) 126.5 x 74.4 x 53.9 mm 124 x 32 x 59.5 mm
Weight 405 g 286 g
Price $1,199.00 $1995.00

  • Leica has an advantage on the low ISO range. In general, Leica is very conservative with their specifications and when they say 3200 ISO that means anything above that level is useless. It remains to be seen if the ISO 6400 on the X100 is usable or only a "paper specification". Some Fuji X100 samples are available herehere and here but I could not find any high ISO images.
  • Leica's Elmarit lens is a "baby M" lens - it is based on the legendary M lenses and is designed by the same engineering team in Solms. Fuji has produced only few Fujinon lenses in the past.
  • A note on the shutter speed: Leica X1 has a constant shutter speed of 1/2000 across the aperture range. Fuji X100 has 1/4000 speed at f/8 (or smaller aperture) and 1/1000 at f/2. This is a good example of how specifications could be misleading.
  • Minimal focus distance is 10cm for the X100 and 30cm for the X1. The close macro distance could be a double-edged sword. Usually, IQ is compromised in order to make a lens able to focus at very close distance.
  • The software (Silkypix) that comes with the Fuji X100 is Windows only (update: Fuji confirmed that the X100 will ship with Silkypix for Mac and Windows OS). I hope Adobe's Lightroom and Apple's Aperture will be able to handle Fuji's RAF format.

  • Fuji X100 has a 3 f-stops built-in ND filter.
  • Update: The Fuji X100 aperture control is on the lens, the X1 has the aperture control on the top of the camera.
  • Note: the included camera images are probably not proportional (the Leica X1 is smaller in size).

Fuji X100 accessories:

Leica X1 accessories:

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  • I think you have the lenses the wrong way round in your comparison chart 😉

    • I thought I checked that 🙁 fixed

  • Oliver Busch

    Silkypix is available for both Win and Mac. It remains to be seen what will be included in the final package. FYI: The current version is a $300+ (26000 ¥) value, according to the software makers online store.

  • dotcom

    The built-in ND filter is there for anyone who would need to go over 1/1000 s. I believe that ISO 6400 on APS-C sensor can make sense, there are DSLRs which can use it more than just on paper.

    It is yet to be seen the performance of the lens and sensor but I think it is quite clear that X100 was designed as a X1 killer.

  • The Fujinon article on Wikipedia that you link to is grossly misleading, only mentioning enlarger and large format lenses. Fuji has been building world-class medium format cameras for many years, including 645, 6×7, and 6×9 rangefinders, and a 6×8 SLR. The Hasselblad X-pan is essentially a rebadged Fuji TX with Fujinon lenses, and Fuji is heavily involved in the current Hasselblad H-series, including the lenses.

    Assuming hypthetically that it would make sense to compare and judge cameras on specs only, I see only one real Leica advantage: size and weight.


    • efftee

      Both Fuji and Leica have made some great cameras and lenses. Judgement of the X100 and X1, based purely on specifications, would be premature and unjustifiable. Lets wait till a production X100 is available for real world assessment.

    • fiatlux

      Agreed, and Fuji also offered 35mm SLRs in the 70s and 80s (the Fujica ST and AX ranges), with the corresponding lenses. And they still make professional cinema, video and TV lenses.

      I guess Fuji produced more lenses than Leica will ever, and is perfectly capable of delivering a good lens in the X100.

      Now, given the target price of the X100 and the embedded technology, I would not be suprised if Fuji had to make some compromises on the optical design to keep the cost under control. Something Leica is less inclined to do (make optical compromises to keep the cost under control).

      • Matt Ferro

        My 1970s – 80s Fujica SLR were tremendous. The Fujinon lenses produced razor-sharp, low distortion, well-saturated images. Even my cheap little Fuji point and shoot I bought from the bargain bin for $89 in 2003 produced absolutely amazing results until my son dropped it in the pool. The Leica still feels d-point-and-shoot, with aperture controls on top instead of the lens. I applaud Fuji for creating an uncompromisingly traditional, classic camera. It’s as if my Contax G rangefinder has finally gone digital. If the ISO 200 images aren’t noisy this camera will be THE BOMB!

    • I could not find any information on previous Fuji lenses, maybe because I don’t know what to look for. I only found this article on Wikipedia and there were only few models listed (sorry, I am too young to know what kind of lenses were good/popular back in the 60’s and 70’s).

      • Ismael

        “sorry, I am too young to know what kind of lenses were good/popular back in the 60′s and 70′s”

        But… you are not too young to talk about things you don’t know about? How arrogant.

        • Ismael, please share your knowledge on Fuji lenses with us, educate us please.

      • Mark

        Fuji makes the Hasselblad H-system lenses, as an example. They know lenses as good as anyone.

      • Bobby Ricky

        AFAIK Fuji builds many (if not all) lenses for the Hasselblad H system, as well as the XPan cameras (which were rebranded Fuji cameras). Fuji’s LF lenses are also highly regarded.

        Fuji is no slouch in the lens making dept. No doubt, Leica builds phenomenal lenses, but others can and do build equally impressive stuff, if price is the secondary objective.

    • chicago-guy

      I think the comparative weights need some apples-to-apples adjustment: the X1 does weigh 286 grams or so without battery or flash card — probably both of these are likewise omitted from the advertised X100 weight — BUT the X100 includes a handgrip and viewfinder, so I suggest those need to be factored into the weight of the X1. When the Leica X1 handgrip and a viewfinder (in my case, a Voigtlander 35mm) are added to the weight of the X1 (still sans battery and flash card), the X1 weight is more like 400 grams. Both of these items of course also add to the height of the X1. So maybe dimension/weight advantages of the X1 aren’t as pronounced as the specs might suggest. Regardless, to my mind, the behavior of the X100’s electronic viewfinder, as well as comparative image quality of course, will be the key deciding factors.

  • M!!

    good comparison. but you need to add a row for “Release date”
    the X1 is a year older than the X100.

    • I did think about adding that, but both cameras were announced only 12 months apart which is not that long.

  • These aren’t the same specs for the Canadian version, which has a different warranty (2 yrs).

  • Al Bundy

    The X100 is the camera the X1 should have been. Why Leica decided to build what is essentially a digital version of the Leica 1A is beyond me…

    The REAL viewfinder in the X100 alone makes it the winner.

  • The X1 is better.

  • tom

    I totally agree with Al Bundy. This post doesn’t do the X100 justice at all. What Leica attempted to do with the X1, Fuji has now accomplished with the X100: create a rangefinder-style, manual-controlled compact digital. This post doesn’t do the high tech viewfinder justice and also fails to mention the fact that the aperture control dial is on the lens, where it should be, instead of a dial on top.

    It appears like the X100 is going to be a real shooter, capturing a feeling many of us (who can’t afford an M9) have missed since shooting film. I hope Leica rises to the challenge and follows with something even better.

    • +1

      This isn’t even a contest in my eyes. I can’t fathom the mentality it would take to choose the Leica X1 over the Fuji X100. Perhaps if you are employed by Leica you would choose the X1 for the sake of job security, but other than that there is no way; especially when you factor in the Leica costs $800 more.

      Now Fuji, please make an interchangeable lens version! The optical viewfinder could be used for 35mm and 50mm focal lengths (perhaps even 28mm’s), and we could just switch to EVF mode for everything else. What a great camera that would be.

    • Tom, the aperture ring position is a valid point – I added it to the post.

  • interesting comparison. i believe that as written, it is misleading not to include the 3-stop built-in nd filter along with the top shutter speed limitations; as it stands, one would get the impression it would be impossible to shoot in daylight wide open with the fuji, which is simply not the case. imo, 1/1000 is more than fast enough for almost any photographic need besides aperture flexibility, and the nd filter takes care of that. heck, it’s faster than my m6 at any aperture (nominal 1/1000 on film m’s seem to actually top out closer to 1/750).

    also, fujinon lenses are some of the most highly regarded optics in the world.

    however, i disagree with some commenters that this is the camera the x1 was supposed to be. the x1 is a very different design concept. the x100 looks, on paper, like the camera many of us wanted from leica, but it isn’t what leica set out to design in the x1.

    • Chris, I did include the ND filter at the bottom of my original post. I just added it to the table as well where I compare the shutter speed. My initial comparison from few weeks ago was not correct because I just mentioned the 1/4000 shutter speed – at that point the other X100 details were not available. I do not have the intention to mislead anyone, I just thought it will be fair to redo the comparison since we now have the detailed specs. Let’s put it that way – I don’t own a Leica X1, but I already pre-ordered the X100 and I will post samples as soon as I get it. I will also try to borrow a Leica X1 and will make a quick comparison.

  • I just confirmed, I am geting both the Fuji X100 and the Leica X1 in few weeks (from the first X100 shipment). I will post detailed comparison then.

    • Can’t wait to see the comparison! 😀

    • tom

      Exciting. I’m interested to read your detailed review once you get your hands on the camera.

  • peter drijver

    Fuji built the ST701 SLR in the seventies with a wide array of Fujinon lenses. The camera was the first to have a gallium-arsenide metering cell instead of selenium or cadmiumsulifide.
    In the seventies those Fujinon lenses were excellent performers.

  • The Fuji specs looks to be quite a contender against Leica on paper, except perhaps image stabilisation.

  • Al Bundy

    The X1 doesn’t have image stabilization in the sense of sensor shifting. It’s done in software and I’m not sure how effective it really is…

    By the way, I am a long time Leica shooter with a dozen bodies and lenses.
    I’m just annoyed with Leica giving all but their wealthiest customers the finger…

    • Nobody Special

      You bet Al – ain’t it great to be a loyal user and Leica supporter and get the finger???!!! I thought I’d see them fail and go under way before I’d see them do what they’ve done – Well said!!!!!!!

  • Nobody Special

    How does the Fuji perform in the areas of the X1’s weakness(es) like the shutter/release lag time?

    • Bobby Ricky

      Apparently very fast response.


      “- very little lag in any form, by my standards. Apart from the battery dying, of course! I wasn’t really pushing it, but at no stage (shooting RAW + .jpg to a Sandisk Extreme III) did I feel like I jammed up the buffer and slowed the camera down, or was waiting for focus, or mashing the shutter and wishing it would fire. I would rate the camera as very responsive, and very consistently responsive.”

  • I also disagree with the comment that the X100 is the rangefinder styled compact that Leica was trying to make with the X1. The X1 is much closer in spirit to the minilux and CM, sans the optical viewfinder.

    Fuji has created what is essentially the digital offspring of the Hexar AF and the Contax G1/2. I think it may be closer to the size and control of the Contax but with the fixed lens of the Hexar.

    Personally, I think the X100 is going to dominate the X1 in terms of camera control and speed of operation. The image quality will likely be a wash but the lenses will have very different signatures, so YMMV.

    These thoughts are based on early reports and samples of the X100. We will see for sure in just a few weeks if not sooner!

    • peter drijver

      Wow a G2 comparable RF would be great with M mount of course… Personally I think the G2 was a succesful design without being too retro. Something the X100 has to prove. Really a Leica M still looks way better -but the X1 looks too much a baby camera after all.

  • tomasz kormicki

    Funny how a lot of people are already as the X1 beater or dominator or whatever.
    (Leica haters?)

    From what I understand, the X100 approaches the the size of the M9, so it’s not really pocketable, as neither is the X1. In terms of weight, what’s 400 gramms ? c’mon guys! you sound like girls worrying about a couple of gramms.
    Leica will bring out the FW 2.0 before the X100 comes out. Perhaps 2.0 will be released mid march, but defintely before the X100 comes to market.bringing much needed fixes to the software.
    Also, from what I hear, from people who really should know, (can’t say who : ) say that the image quality of the X100 is not on par with the X1.

    Personally I already get great satisfaction from the X1 as it is. Any improvements, in particular AF are of course welcomed.
    I have a feeling anyone who thinks they’re making a steal with the X100, are going to be in for an unpleasant surprise.

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